Home

Ww2 jokes quora

A WW2 Joke From Quora Baptist Christian Forum

A WW2 Joke From Quora. Discussion in 'Vets and Friends' started by Squire Robertsson, Jun 1, 2019. Top Posters. Squire Robertsson Administrator. You got jokes? Lets hear 'em! Clean or dirty, as long as they're FUNNY, lay 'em on us! ANYONE being offended, or being a downer, or not being able to take a joke will be deleted and/or blocked without warning, regard or even comment. Only lets leave the politics off the space, please I'm a former US Marine combat engineer who fought in the Iraq and Afghanistan war. We had Seabees attached to us in Iraq and those guys are good to go. They don't have the combat training that Marines have and this limits them to going on foot pat..

For a variety of reasons Japanese tank design and production never received the kind of resources devoted by the other major players in WW2; consequently their designs and production models appear, to me at least, to be rather crude compared espec.. 10 Intimate Photographs of World War II Soldiers in the Buff. The fleet is in! And so is My Buddy: World War II Laid Bare (Taschen Books), an astounding collection assembled by the excellent smut. Faces of War is really interesting game, focusing on small squad tactics It is really detailed. For example you can steal a tank and you can take gasoline from a jeep with a jerry can when you're dry. All buildings are destroyable, all vehicles ma.. What is your spanking story? Chris Huffman, studied at Miami University. Updated Jan 16. I think I was 11 or 12 and told my mother to go fuck herself. She gave me an odd look and said, fine.. When Dad got home, feces flew from the proverbial disk that spins 3. What's the difference between a joke and two dicks? You can't take a joke. 4. What do you call a deaf gynecologist? A lip reader. 5. I hope Death is a woman. That way it will never come for me. 6. What did the elephant say to the naked man? How do you breathe through that tiny thing? 7. Why do women always have sex with the lights off

Alcoholic father with his son. 10. Wait For Me Daddy, by Claude P. Dettloff in New Westminster, Canada, October 1, 1940. 11. An old WW2 Russian tank veteran finally found the old tank in which he passed through the entire war - standing in a small Russian town as a monument The M-4 Sherman was the workhorse medium tank of the U.S. Army and Marine Corps during World War II. It fought in every theater of operation—North Africa, the Pacific and Europe Reason No. 1. Imperial Japan conquered and occupied a much larger part of the globe . The Nazis occupied a lot of countries during World War II - about two dozen, to be slightly more precise. But while the geographic scope of Hitler's reach in WWII seems pretty big - extending from Norway all the way down to Morocco - the truth is. The Afghan Girl: Afghan Girl is a 1984 photographic portrait of Sharbat Gula also known as Sharbat Bibi, taken by photojournalist Steve McCrurry. It has been likened to Leonardo Da Vinci's painting of the Mona Lisa and has been called the First World's Third World Mona Lisa. The image became emblematic of refugee girl/woman located in some. Praises. Churchill's wit were more than barbs and retorts to his detractors. The WWII leader also used his sharp tongue to deliver praises to those whom he deemed worthy of them. UK Prime Minister from 1945 to 1951, Clement Attlee, was one of these men. When asked what he thought about the man, Sir Churchill said this famous clever line: A.

Anti-Slavic sentiment. Anti-Slavic sentiment, also known as Slavophobia, a form of racism or xenophobia, refers to various negative attitudes towards Slavic peoples, the most common manifestation is the claim that the inhabitants of Slavic nations are inferior to other ethnic groups. Slavophilia, by contrast, is a sentiment that celebrates. Anti-Japanese sentiments range from animosity towards the Japanese government 's actions and disdain for Japanese culture to racism against the Japanese people. Sentiments of dehumanization have been fueled by the anti-Japanese propaganda of the Allied governments in World War II; this propaganda was often of a racially disparaging character Panzerkampfwagen VIII Maus (English: Mouse) was a German World War II super-heavy tank completed in late 1944. It is the heaviest fully enclosed armored fighting vehicle ever built. Five were ordered, but only two hulls and one turret were completed, the turret being attached, before the testing grounds were captured by advancing Soviet military forces There was this one time in 2019, I was playing a WW2 game based off Hacksaw Ridge by the same guy who made D-Day, TonyGroce. Anyways, these two immature kids were saying racist jokes and all this weird bullshit and literally demoting people for no reason World War II in Europe. World War II was no exception. The greatest war the world's armies ever fought was a logistical nightmare for both sides. Due to their limited resources, Germany's forces survived the old-fashioned way, laying heavy levies on the people of the occupied countries they had invaded. The allies didn't have it much.

You got jokes? - Quor

When your little brother likes ww2 jew jokes. Are jew mad Where does the black jew go. In the back of the gas chamber Three jews walk into a bar. I lied it was a gas chamber. Jesus..... Also be has blonde hair and blue eyes. So Im curious what I should jew? Eh, kids are kids Ww2 British Aircraft Carriers. This Was Canada S Wwii Plan To Build An Aircraft Carrier Made Of Ice We Are The Mighty. China S New Aircraft Carrier Is Already Obsolete Foreign Policy. Hms Furious British Aircraft Carrier Ww2. Russian Navy Ww2 Soviet Aircraft Carrier. The First Anese Aircraft Carrier In 75 Years S Conversion We Are Mighty

What do the Marines think of the Seabees? - Quor

Because Russia was the whole point of Nazi Germany's grab for power. It had an abundance of arable land, and resources in the form of oil and ores. The communist movement was the greatest threat to the Nazis, politically speaking. Geostrategically, it was easier conceivable to remove the threat of Russia from one side than to defeat France and. So, in that sense, Bernie is a capitalist. However, if one thinks of socialism as a kind of movement that values labor and people in general over capital, then Bernie is a socialist. If one thinks of socialism as the kind of thing Lenin implemented then, no, Bernie is not a socialist. Robert C

What was the main Japanese battle tank and how - Quor

  1. John von Neumann (/ v ɒ n ˈ n ɔɪ m ə n /; Hungarian: Neumann János Lajos, pronounced [ˈnɒjmɒn ˈjaːnoʃ ˈlɒjoʃ]; December 28, 1903 - February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, engineer and polymath.Von Neumann was generally regarded as the foremost mathematician of his time and said to be the last representative of the great.
  2. ati on dollar.
  3. Don't get me wrong, Italy was by no means smart during WW2, but it seems like they were infinitely more realistic than their buddies. Italy gets mocked for their invasion of Greece, like Germany didn't attack the fucking USSR and Japan didn't attack the largest economy in the world. Italy gets mocked for wanting to annex the Western Balkans.
  4. During WW2, a relatively safe posting for a German soldier was in Norway or in Denmark. Both countries were invaded and occupied on the same day: 9 April 1940
  5. Dark humor jokes are not everyone's cup of tea, and not everyone has a taste for them. These type of jokes require a bit more emotional control and science has proven that people who get dark jokes usually have higher IQs. So, if you laugh at any of these jokes, you are probably smarter than the average
  6. But there are some offensive jokes that are over the top and popular among adults. So, for you we have complied a list of 50 vile jokes, these are my personal favorites and got this from reddit. 30 Most Offensive Jokes for Adults. Jokes give a light funny shot and fits in every environment

10 Intimate Photographs of World War II Soldiers in the Buf

Dark Humor Jokes. 9. My girlfriend wanted a marriage just like a fairy tale. Fair enough. I gave her a loaf of bread and left her in the forest. 8. Daddy, there is a man at the door. He says he is collecting for the nursing home. That's perfect Donald Trump is just four years younger, and I sure don't hear much about his age. Sanders is 78. Yet the young Bernie bros seem to think that's not an issue. My 88 year old Aunt still goes skiing. My dad, at 92 gave the veterans day speech and the fourth of July speech by talking about his experiences in WW2 Quora is a textbook example of what happens when users are given freedom to do whatever they want to. It is the reason why I deleted my Quora account happily (even though I had 1M+ views on my answers, and I liked answering the most mundane of questions) - the site is not worth the time you devote to it

But speaking of the pandemic, that may be a large part of why we crave the non-family-friendly jokes that make us cringe as much as laugh. Research, including a 2016 study published in the American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, has shown that laughter doesn't just make us feel good, it may also increase our body's ability to fight pain, decrease stress, and even prevent disease A destroyed M4 Sherman tank during Operation Torch. One of the most popular myths surrounding the Sherman is concerning Catastrophic hits to the tank. That is, hits that would cause the tank to either explode or catch on fire violently. In these scenarios, the crew would typically have a very low survival rate and knock the tank out.

A relic on the battlefields of late ww2, and even Korea. The semi auto age had come, and the intermediate cartridge assault rifle was looming. Poorer nations inherited a fine bolt action rifle, one that could survive heat, cold, mud, water, sand and still work, but those with money chose to go semi auto The Ponzi scheme. Charles Ponzi, an Italian immigrant, made a fortune off of lying to people. In fact, he was so good at deception that the government named a type of fraud after him—the Ponzi. A big list of british people jokes! 33 of them, in fact! Sourced from Reddit, Twitter, and beyond! found while browsing Quora. Donald Trump, Theresa May, and Angela Merkel are walking outside after a particularly stressful diplomatic meeting. After WW2 in 1945 the leaders of the Big Three(USA, UK and the Soviet Union) respectively. Call of Duty: WW2 offers a fast-paced and fun World War II experience with its new multiplayer mode and return to Nazi Zombies.The First 15 Minutes of Call o.. The League of Nations was an international organization that existed between 1920 and 1946. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the League of Nations vowed to promote international cooperation and preserve global peace. The League achieved some success, but it ultimately was unable to prevent the even deadlier World War II

Forgotten Sacrifice: The Arctic Convoys of WWII by Michael G. Walling is a very good look at an often overlooked by crazy part of the war and is a harrowing read, although it is slightly American-centric (although not enough to make it a bad book at all), and it kinda just cuts off after 1942 and glosses over the rest of the war, but as for. Join Other History Buffs on our Discord! - https://discord.gg/qt68efPBecome a Patron! - https://www.patreon.com/thefron

The deadliest sniper ever averaged 5 kills per day. Few soldiers are as legendary as Finland's Simo Häyhä. Known as the deadliest sniper in history, Häyhä served for just under 100 days during the 1939-1940 Winter War between Finland and the Soviet Union. In that short time, he is credited with killing over 500 men Unit 731 (Japanese: 731部隊, Hepburn: Nana-san-ichi Butai), short for Manshu Detachment 731 and also known as Kamo Detachment,: 198 and Ishii Unit, was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) of World War II By Useless.Joke 2021-07-04 12:30. 78% (448) Hitler Nazi memes Dark humor. Even scarier, ppl who stub their toes and don't show pain. By Reaper7326 2021-06-30 21:30. Holodomor WW2 ww2memes History history meme dark DarkMemes darkmeme darkhumor darkhunor meme Soviet union Soviet Soviet Russia nazi Nazis Hitler HITLER DID NOTHING WRONG.

The National Museum of World War II Aviation at an airport on the outskirts of Colorado Springs, Colorado, has probably the best collection of World War II military airplanes outside of the Smithsonian and perhaps a few other national museums. It is so popular that there are tentative plans to build a new home for it in downtown Colorado Springs Our service members are just as goofy as the rest of us, which means they love to bust on themselves and each other. Being in the military can be a tough job, so the ability to joke about your occupation is pretty much a necessity. So we've gone ahead and compiled a list of quips and puns about the Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard

President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares war on Japan the day after American naval and military forces were attacked at Pearl Harbor.For Archive Licensing En.. Shadow in the Cloud: Directed by Roseanne Liang. With Chloë Grace Moretz, Nick Robinson, Beulah Koale, Taylor John Smith. A female WWII pilot traveling with top secret documents on a B-17 Flying Fortress encounters an evil presence on board the flight

What are the best WW2 games? - Quor

The Soviet Home Front: A Social and Economic History of the USSR in World War II, Longman, 1991. Berkhoff, Karel C. Harvest of Despair: Life and Death in Ukraine Under Nazi Rule. Harvard U. Press, 2004. 448 pp. Braithwaite, Rodric. Moscow 1941: A City and Its People at War (2006) Thurston, Robert W., and Bernd Bonwetsch (Eds) The reprisals against the Maquis by German troops became more and more vicious. Innocent French civilians suffered, as for example in the village of Oradour-sur-Glane, which was destroyed by Waffen-SS soldiers, in a reprisal, on June 10, 1944. Here is a quote from Article 1. and Article 10. of the Armistice that the French signed after they. Reddit is a network of communities based on people's interests. Find communities you're interested in, and become part of an online community Napalm is an incendiary mixture of a gelling agent and a volatile petrochemical (usually gasoline (petrol) or diesel fuel).The name is a portmanteau of two of the constituents of the original thickening and gelling agents: co-precipitated aluminium salts of naphthenic acid and palmitic acid. Napalm B is the more modern version of napalm (utilizing polystyrene derivatives) and, although.

Although Italy continued to utilize the biplane well into World War II, many people are surprised to learn that Italy was the second country to test a jet-powered aircraft: the Campini Caproni CC.2 made its debut flight May 28, 1940. Italy was only able to produce 11,508 aircraft between 1940-1943. During that timeframe, the RA was able to. Answer by Brian Roemmele, Founder + Editor at Read Multiplex, on Quora:. It was almost the QWE.TY keyboard layout. The three primary confluences that motivated the QWERTY layout and the primary. At the time, these roughly eight million Americans were the country's largest non-English-speaking group. Many had come over in a migration wave in the late 19th century. Once here, they built. During World War II, the U.S. Saw Italian-Americans as a Threat to Homeland Security The executive order that forced Japanese-Americans from their homes also put immigrants from Italy under the. Jul 19, 2020 - Personal pictures taken by German soldiers in Soviet Russia during the Second World War

This war is the effect of the vindictive Treaty of Versailles, the continual failure to treat Germany as an equal, and the other blunders of French and British diplomacy. Although there were no. At the end of World War II, English writer George Orwell used cold war, as a general term, in his essay You and the Atomic Bomb, published 19 October 1945 in the British newspaper Tribune.Contemplating a world living in the shadow of the threat of nuclear warfare, Orwell looked at James Burnham's predictions of a polarized world, writing: . Looking at the world as a whole, the drift for many. Explanation for posting here: I've seen a lot of shit takes on the nazi invasion of the soviet union, but never seen this one before. It ticks so many boxes like mentioning lend lease, blaming the soviet death toll on soviet incompetence and not the invading army of fascists and of course, mentioning absolutely no source The Man in the High Castle: Created by Frank Spotnitz. With Alexa Davalos, Joel de la Fuente, Rufus Sewell, Chelah Horsdal. In a dystopian America dominated by Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, a young woman discovers a mysterious film that may hold the key to toppling the totalitarian regimes

Property: What is your spanking story? - Quor

World War II set humanity on a path to our modern world. The Nazis were defeated, and the Allies stood victorious. But what if, Germany was the victor in the.. Humor & Whimsy. Indulge your curiosity and have a little fun with these stories about the weird and the wonderful. With articles on aliens, cats, cartoons, and hoaxes, this collection is guaranteed boredom-basher. Liveabout. Political Humor

50 Fucked Up Jokes You Should Never Tell Your Easily

Schindler's List: Directed by Steven Spielberg. With Liam Neeson, Ben Kingsley, Ralph Fiennes, Caroline Goodall. In German-occupied Poland during World War II, industrialist Oskar Schindler gradually becomes concerned for his Jewish workforce after witnessing their persecution by the Nazis World War Ii. Wwii. August 4, 1942 Eastern Front Elements of German 4.Panzer army crossed the Aksay River en route to Stalingrad, Russia. Soviet 20th Army and 31st Army attacked Rzhev,from the south while 29th Army and 30th Army attacked from the north. tedmiroe. T. tedmiroe. Stalingrad. World History

What funny pictures require a closer look? - Jokes for Adult

  1. When World War II began in 1939 there were around 190,000 men in the US Army. By the time the war ended in 1945, there were over 10 million. On top of this, factories in the US were at full capacity making arms, tanks, ships, and vehicles for the war. There was a shortage of workers. Sugar rationing
  2. With our over 4,000 most funny jokes, puns and riddles, our jokes are hand-selected and ready for you to tell to your friends or family, or to bust a gut on
  3. WWII and Military History is Werhb heaven. 1 / 2. The usual the Germans weren't nazis and were also the greatest soldiers in history. 1 comment. 100% Upvoted. Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up. Sort by
  4. The Blitz (September 7, 1940-May 11, 1941), bombing campaign undertaken by Nazi Germany against Britain during World War II. For eight months planes of the Luftwaffe dropped bombs on London and other strategic cities. The offensive came to be called the Blitz after the German word 'blitzkrieg,' meaning 'lightning war.

Coffin on Wheels: Why the Sherman Tank Was a Total Death

  1. Quora Questions are part of a partnership he was an honest-to-God WWII hero; came from enormous wealth, and had an even more glamorous, elegant, patrician wife and two tiny but adorable.
  2. How it All Started After World War II the country of Germany ended up dividing into two separate countries. East Germany became a communist country under the control of the Soviet Union. At the same time West Germany was a democratic country and allied with Britain, France, and the United States
  3. World War II Begins, 75 Years Ago. 7 Times the U.S.-Canada Border Wasn't So Peaceful. Murder in Parliament, 200 Years Ago. 10 Things You May Not Know About Margaret Thatcher
  4. The code talkers helped the U.S. win major battles like Iwo Jima during World War II. Trump Insults World War II Heroes With 'Pocahontas' Joke. By John Haltiwanger On 11/27/17 at 5:02 PM EST
  5. the largest volunteer army in human history. It's amusing how thoroughly the pendulum has swung in many circles -- The British Empire was great and bountiful to the natives all the way to The British Empire was basically Nazi. Nuance is for losers. 18. level 1

5 Reasons Imperial Japan Was More Terrifying Than Nazi

  1. 3. A job well done. The Sergeant-Major growled at the young soldier: I didn't see you at camouflage training this morning. Thank you very much, sir. 4. A perfect fit. A Sergeant was addressing a squad of 25 and said: I have a nice easy job for the laziest man here. Put up your hand if you are the laziest
  2. During an eight-day killing spree that began on New Year's Day 1988, Leslie Torres ran through the streets of New York while on a crack bender, murdering five people and wounding six others. He was just 17. Events like this were all too common in New York in the 1980s, when crack was king and violence was everywhere
  3. Top-Funny-Jokes.com is a site of entertainment. Here you will find different jokes, riddles, pick up lines and insults. We have divided and organized all the jokes, riddles, insults and pick up lines into different categories, to make is easier for you to find your favorites pieces
  4. World War II - Aviation. Aviation . B-36 in 1944 It was a joke, with the abundance of p-39 was a super-plane threads. An unreferenced response on Quora said that according the British 25% of German bombing casualties were actually caused by antiaircraft shells
  5. Enjoy the BEST stories, advice & jokes! We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices
  6. Sometimes a bad joke is just that: a bad joke.But some jokes are so jaw-droppingly ridiculous that they transcend their own awfulness to reach a higher plane of funny.Try as you may not to laugh, we're all, on some level, powerless to jokes that revel in their own cringe-iness. To prove it, we've rounded up 165 of our favorite bad jokes

The more you sweat in peace, the less you bleed in war. Norman Schwarzkopf. Peace Sweat More. The two most powerful warriors are patience and time. Leo Tolstoy. Patience Time Two. Older men declare war. But it is the youth that must fight and die. Herbert Hoover Today, some bloke pushed me to the floor and kicked me twice in the head so he could steal, no joke, the two Greggs pasties I just bought. He wasn't homeless either, he had designer jeans and a giant iPhone, and he did it in broad daylight with witnesses. What the hell? FML I agree, your life sucks 452 You deserved it 21 3. During World War II, M&Ms were exclusively sold to the U.S. military. In March of 1941, Mars was granted a patent for his manufacturing process and production began in Newark, New Jersey. An important reason why American English and British English sound different is rhotacism, the change of a particular sound in a language. In this case, that sound is r.. The standard. Welcome to My Activity. Data helps make Google services more useful for you. Sign in to review and manage your activity, including things you've searched for, websites you've visited, and videos you've watched. Learn more

Offensive jokes. The offense is not a good thing whether it is targeted towards the women, kids, men or any race. The best way to deal with the Offense is to read the best collection of the Offensive jokes.All you have to do is access and jokes and get on with it so that people will know that they can be given a fun twist as well World War II was over but there was still plenty of American combat to come in the 20th century. Though the U.S. has ordered 34,000 more of them after the Vietnam War, the medals from 1945 are still updated and issued as needed. the Coast Guard is generally the butt of jokes from military branches under the Department of Defense

For whatever reason I've always found dark jokes to be the funniest kind of humor. I think it's the reminder of your own mortality that makes you more eager to accept the levity of a good joke. So, I searched Reddit collect a list of the best sad laughs or dark jokes I could find. Enjoy Fighter pilots are perhaps the deadliest yet most detached warriors to ever engage in battle. Those who possessed the best maneuvering traits, spatial awareness and marksmanship define history as the greatest aerial aces. We've taken into account not just kills, but also time in service, difficulty of flying conditions and the nature of their missions. 10. Erich Hartmann Major Erich Hartman. Mission. The Army's purpose is defined as preserving the peace and security and providing for the defense of the United States, supporting national policies, implementing national objectives, and overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the U.S. . The Marines' mission is the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and other land. Mom predicted the future. My mom passed away on Sept. 11, 2017. I still have only gone through a fraction of her stuff, and she was a bit of a packrat so some stuff I found was somewhat.

What pictures deserve a Photoshop award for best fake

  1. After the passing of President Hindenburg, Adolf Hitler declares himself Führer of Germany and secretly plots the invasion of Poland.Want updates? Subscribe.
  2. Their firepower is really weak aside from the A7M1, A7M2 and the Ki-61 (around 3.5kg/sec), the rest of their 4 battle rate planes are close to 2.4kg/sec which is inferior of most plane with the same BR. You can't go face to face against another plane (P-51got 5.17kg/sec, P-61C-1 got 5.68kg/sec even P-47D got 4.44kg/sec)
  3. The major groups that came before World War II were the Chinese, Japanese, South Asians, Koreans and Filipinos. There were both similarities and differences in how the groups were viewed, but.
  4. g members of the Resistance or the Righteous.
  5. Francisco Franco, general and leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and head of state until his death in 1975. Learn more about Franco in this article
  6. es. Operation Chastise was designed to breach the Möhne, Sorpe and Edersee dams, and was.
  7. Mar 16, 2015 - HB-RSC. Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation. JetPhotos.com is the biggest database of aviation photographs with over 4 million screened photos online
World War 2(funny ass jokes 2) - YouTubePin on Other infographics and edutainmentJoke Fighter Pilot Meme - having a laugh, serious lessons

This Pin was discovered by Kemo Sabe. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest In a new Quinnipiac University Poll, 33% named Obama the worst president since World War II, and 28% put Bush at the bottom of post-war presidents. Over the span of 69 years of American history. Ten years before Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, he tried to take power by force during the Beer Hall Putsch.On the night of November 8, 1923, Hitler and some of his Nazi confederates stormed into a Munich beer hall and attempted to force the triumvirate, the three men that governed Bavaria, to join him in a national revolution. The men of the triumvirate initially agreed since they. Josef Mengele was born on March 16, 1911, in Günzburg, near Ulm, Germany. He was the eldest son of Karl Mengele, a prosperous manufacturer of farming implements. In 1935, he earned a PhD in physical anthropology from the University of Munich. He also held a doctoral degree in genetic medicine Stalin had led them to victory in World War II. He had been their leader, the Father of the Peoples, the Supreme Commander, the Generalissimo. And now he was dead. Through a succession of bulletins, the Soviet people were made aware that Stalin was gravely ill. At 4 a.m. on March 6, it was announced Jew, Hebrew Yĕhūdhī or Yehudi, any person whose religion is Judaism.In the broader sense of the term, a Jew is any person belonging to the worldwide group that constitutes, through descent or conversion, a continuation of the ancient Jewish people, who were themselves descendants of the Hebrews of the Bible (Old Testament).In ancient times, a Yĕhūdhī was originally a member of Judah—i.