Home

Screen printing on polyethylene

Über 7 Millionen englischsprachige Bücher. Jetzt versandkostenfrei bestellen Screen Printing beim führenden Marktplatz für Gebrauchtmaschinen kaufen. Jetzt eine riesige Auswahl an Gebrauchtmaschinen von zertifizierten Händlern entdecke Polyethylene can be screen printed. To do so, Tiflex recommends its solvent series, Urethal (excellent resistance to chemicals and compatibility with Pantone ®) and its series of UV-drying inks UViprim FL (very high reactivity to polymerisation and compatibility with Pantone ®) Printing on Polyethylene Unique Assembly & Decorating proudly produces custom, high-quality pad printing, screen printing, and hot stamping on rigid and flexible polyethylene to customers all over the country. Based out of Downers Grove, IL, we pride ourselves on customer service and workmanship to deliver the best services

A. Polyolefin webs, including polyethylene all require some form of surface treatment to render them printable. Plasma or flame treatment effectively refresh the surface promoting adhesion for later printing. Other methods would include corona discharge, but the more aggressive flame treatment will be more appropriate for this application While there may be a learning curve to screen printing on plastic, it's much easier to remove mistakes from most plastic surfaces compared to fabric. The Wide World of Plastics (L-R) Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles, polypropylene (PP) bags, and polystyrene (PS) containers help illustrate the wide variety of plastic products availabl

Screenprinting - bei Amazon

  1. Screen printing or silk-screening is a highly specialized process used to print on flat and flexible plastic surfaces. This printing method is compatible with various types of plastic and produces bold, bright, firm and metallic colors that make your designs stand out
  2. We can handle a wide range of screen printing plastics, such as screen printing on PVC, Polyethylene, Polyester, Polycarbonate, Acetal, Acrylic, Nylon, Polypropylene, and many more. Screen Printing on Different Plastics Capability WeProFab can do both small and large plastic screen printing
  3. Printing on plastic products includes gravure printing, flexographic printing, screen printing, anti-counterfeiting printing, and jet printing, transfer printing, etc special printing methods. Nowadays, it has been able to print on plastic products with different surface textures, different hardnesses, and different shapes, and is widely used.
  4. This printing process is suitable for short production runs. That means long production runs won't be cost-effective in the digital inkjet printing arena. 7. Screen printing. Screen printing is a traditional method of printing and is suitable for specific applications. In this method, blocked stencils are used on a soft silk mesh
  5. However, a special coating must be applied or specialized plastic must be used for the thermal print to work. Traditional print methods like screen, flexo, and gravure print methods will also print directly onto plastics, however these require more space, equipment, operators and a much longer setup time - therefore, these methods are often.

Just like any other print job, the ink that you use will determine what mesh count your screen (s) should be. In cases where you're printing on plastic with air-dry inks, you want to start with a higher mesh count, 280 or higher as most air-dry inks are a stark contrast versus the consistency of your conventional plastisol A fully printed piezoelectric based touch sensor device has been successfully fabricated on flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and paper substrates using screen printing technique. The device, consisting of a 4 × 4 array of printed sensors and interconnect lines, was fabricated using silver (Ag) ink

Screen Printing Plastipak's screen printing technology prints directly on the bottle, regardless of the size or shape, with the ability to print all the way around the bottle. This technology yields incredible accuracy with outstanding color reproduction, including metallics, with up to four thermoplastic colors printed in just one pass It is an effective way of printing on plastics bags, especially when working with a small number of bags. Although you can only print one bag at a time, screen printing is fast and can make a large number of bags in a short time. It makes use of stenciled screens in the printing hence the name HDPE sheets are compatible with screen printing and offset-lithography. Before you attempt to print on this type of material please contact your ink vendor to see what types of inks can be used with HDPE sheets Plastic. Plastic materials can vary extensively and so do our inks. At Lysis Technologies we offer a range of screen printing inks for plastic substrates. We have general application inks for plastics as well as specialized ones. Some examples are: for treated and untreated Polypropylene (PP), acrylics, polystyrene, polycarbonate, ABS, PVC. Screen printing (or silk screen printing) on plastic is the best product decorating option when a large, bold image is required for flat plastic panels or covers, or when a full wrap or two-sided image is required for a cylindrical plastic part, including bottles, buckets or jars. Screen printing is compatible for most plastic manufacturing processes such as injection molding, thermoforming.

Plastic bottle & container screen printing services up to 7 in. x 11 in. sizes. Available for cylindrical, oval and square containers. Substrates include polyethylene, poly propylene, glass, ceramic and metal. Capabilities include pad, sign and textile printing, dye sublimation and doming Curbell Plastics has an extensive inventory of plastic film and sheet materials for the printing and graphics market. We recognize that printers need visually appealing, competitively priced substrates that are easy to print on. Curbell supplies materials for all types of printing including screen printing, digital printing, and offset lithography Specialty Screen Printing can create a jig or frame to position the product during the printing process. We're able to print on flat surfaces as large as 24 x 30. Direct-to-product screen printing is available for a range of materials including powder-coated metals, steel, glass, and plastics

Screen-Print Process. Now we're ready to print! I'm using Speedball screen-printing ink because it's readily available at most craft stores. However, if you have access to it, I'd recommend trying Plastisol ink to print on fabrics. It has a finish that looks more like a standard T-shirt rather than a painted one Shanghai Olimy Co.,Ltd.Website:http://www.olimyplastic.com/Email:sales@olimy.comScreen printing belongs to stencil printing. The printing plate is in the for.. What is Screen Printing... it is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil.A blade or squeegee is moved across the screen to fill the open mesh apertures with ink, and a reverse stroke then causes the screen to touch the substrate momentarily along a line of contact Beginner screen printers, art educators and printmaking professionals all agree--there's no better place to find top-performing screen printing inks at a great value than Speedball. All of our industry-leading ink lines offer artists bold, rich colors, consistent workability and superior coverage, all without compromising budgets Nazdar SourceOne is the leading supplier of screen and digital printing equipment, inks and supplies for specialty graphic and textile printers in the United States, Mexico and Central America

Screen Printing gebraucht - Über 2

  1. Screen printing can be an excellent choice for plastic injection molded parts when the desired appearance of the end-product requires more than one color. When applied over a plastic injection molded part, silk screening is one injection molding process that can provide a way to apply more detailed designs involving multiple colors
  2. Nazdar 60015820CV UV Tamper Proof Screen Ink. Compare. Compare Now. Nazdar NFX57 High Gloss Anti-Graffiti Clear UV Screen Ink. Compare. Compare Now. Nazdar NFX30 High Sparkle Glitter UV Screen Ink. Compare
  3. The cosmetics industry uses UV/UV LED screen printing almost exclusively, for example to print eye/lip pencils and mascaras. UV/UV LED screen printing is a technique that is well-suited to use with plastic, glass and wood. Strong, long-lasting colour fastness can be obtained on these materials. The same results are also guaranteed on painted.

DGAGA Christmas Stencils Reusable Self-Adhesive Silk Screen Printing Stencil Washable Mesh Transfers for Painting on wood DIY Making Home Decor, canvas, bags, t-shirt, Xmas plaque (12x18inch,Pine tree) $10.99. $10. Screen print your logo and graphics on a 5-gallon food-grade HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene) plastic round pail (90 mil wall thickness) with a metal handle and plastic grip. Pails are ideal packaging solutions for food products, paints, liquids, powders, honey, oil, chemicals, landscaping & agricultural products, fertilizers, and more. These 18 liter round buckets are tough enough to store. The aesthetic expectations are high: the screen print must promote the logo and the product. Boxes are used widely in the drinks sector: wooden crates for bottles of wine and spirits or plastic boxes for non-alcoholic drinks. The logo printed on the box must be especially resistant. Packaging is less exclusive and concerns a wide range of areas. Screen printing is a technique widely used as a process to enhance thermoplastic Point of Sale displays within retail, graphic panels and banners. Choosing the right plastic and properties of the substrate being used for screen printing can seem complex, but the experts here at Eagle Plastics are on hand to guide you through the considerations. Substrates: Most coated metals, ceramics, pre-treated polyethylene, glass and some plastics, including many polystyrenes. Z EPOXY for plastic surfaces PDF-Guide Price List Substrates: Pretreated polyolefins (i.e. high and low density polyethylene), polypropylene, acrylics, cellulose acetate, acetobutryates and polyamides

Screen Printing on Vinyl. Vinyl substrate printing produces brighter graphics and colors than printing on standard paper. Vinyl provides extreme durability, longevity, and flexibility. It will also last longer than paper and is regularly used for posters and banners. Screen printing on vinyl provides a more dynamic overall quality than what. That brings us to our main topic - screen printing on plastic bags. In case you don't have a large order to work on, screen printing is the most efficient method. Contrary to the flexography, where you can print many bags at the same time, screen printing lets you print only one bag at a time. Also, the method is manual Cosmetic Silk Screen Printing on Glass and Plastic. The perception of sophistication is what silk screen printing achieves when printed directly on your container. Preferred by its simple, yet elegant look. We can produce as few as 100 printed bottles, jars or tubes. Great pricing on quantities from 1,000 to 9,000 1. Printing is done in a climate controlled closed facility to eliminate dust and contaminates. 2. Containers are unpacked to be screen printed or a flaming pre-treatment if needed prior to printing. 3. Output film positive transparencies for each color. 4. Expose the film and burn each mesh screen. 5 Screen Printing Ink. Screen printing ink consisting of superior quality is the backbone of W.M. Plastics, an industry leading manufacturer of screen printing ink since 1983. W.M. Plastics has catered to the screen printing industry by providing a variety of screenprinting products which include but not limited to our top of the line whites.

Silk screen printing on Polyethylene : Tifle

Polyethylene Screen Mesh - Factory, Suppliers, Manufacturers from China. We believe that long time period partnership is a result of top of the range, value added services, rich expertise and personal contact for Polyethylene Screen Mesh, Screen Printing Frame, 4 Color 1 Station Screen Printing Machine, Screen Printing Squeegee Aluminium Handle. Flexo printing is a fast and cost effective process best suited to printing on thinner, flexible substrates such as plastic bags, vinyl labels on a roll, food packaging etc. Although flexo printing can achieve better print quality than screen printing, it is not capable of producing images in such high resolution as ink jet printing, litho UV. Screen printing is the process of forcing ink through a screen with a stencil blocking off desired areas. Print companies and do-it-yourselfers use screen printing to reproduce designs on various surfaces, such as fabric and plastic. Also known as silk-screen printing, screen printing is one of the many printing techniques available Screen-printing inks for Signs, Corrugated Plastic and rigid surfaces Florida Flexible offers Color FX Solvent-based inks for the Large and Small Format Signs, Banners, Decals and graphics for promotional displays. Recommended Mesh: 230 - 305ct Screen Mesh Air dry: 30-45 min. - Heated dry: 30 sec. @130F Mixing Overprint Clear: Used for mixing special shades of Metallic Powder

Electrodes & Biosensors Screen Printing - North Andover

Pad Printing on Polyethylene - Printing on PE Parts

  1. Plastic Bottle Screen Printing from WB Bottle. If you want to make sure your plastic bottles stand out while clearly and vibrantly displaying your brand, screen printing can give you consistent results. Not only does screen printing increase the value of your products, but it also allows for design versatility and long-lasting packaging
  2. We primarily specialize in pad printing, screen printing & hot stamping/ heat transfer decal applications and we print or stamp on a wide range of products like; injection molded plastics, glass containers, stainless steel & plastic water bottles, ceramic parts (flat & round), powder coated metal panels, plastic graphic sheets and much more.
  3. SCREEN PRINTING SUPPLIES, EQUIPMENT AND EDUCATION. ScreenPrinting.com is where printers can conveniently find their favorite high-quality brands of equipment and supplies, such as Riley Hopkins, FN-INK, Baselayr, & Sgreen. Printers can earn membership points from each and every purchase through ScreenPrinting.com to be used for future orders of.

Polypropylene sheets are compatible with screen printing and offset-lithography. Before you attempt to print on this type of material please contact your ink vendor to see what types of inks can be used with Polypropylene sheets. We can even provide you with sample sheets of material, that you can then have your ink vendor analyze to determine the best ink systems to work with your process An excellent screen printing service Printing on plastic bottles is one of the best ways to solidify your branding and get customers to sit up and take notice. Our screen printing service is available for the decoration of all our bottles and products, so if you really want your goods to stand out and be recognised, this is ideal for you

So a 50/50 tee would only show roughly 50% opacity since the Polyester won't hold water based screen printing ink. One option to mitigate this problem is called hybrid printing. This is the process of using a discharge base, which pulls the dye out creating a soft underlay, and then printing plastisol or fashion based ink on top 3. YEARS. WITH. Website Directions More Info. (763) 325-4182. 7753 Beech St NE. Minneapolis, MN 55432. From Business: Taho Sportswear is a custom apparel print shop located in Fridley, MN serving the Twin Cities Metro area. We do everything from tees to jackets to sweatshirts, Plastic Buckets and Pails for Screen Printing. We carry a number of different Buckets and Pails for Screen Printing. Check out our inventory below to explore your options. If you'd like any help deciding on the right Buckets and Pails for your business, contact us for recommendations from one of our experts Screen printing is a printing technique where a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil.A blade or squeegee is moved across the screen to fill the open mesh apertures with ink, and a reverse stroke then causes the screen to touch the substrate momentarily along a line of contact

Screen printing polyethylene; etching for pad printin

  1. Welcome To. the best printing. & plastic Experts Company. SPARK printing & plastic Experts company more than 15 years of experience & develop , it's the only agence of many companies like anatol , apex and comec italia.. About
  2. Screen printing on plastic . Plastic is a term that encompasses materials such as ABS, Acrylic, Polycarbonate, PVC, and Styrene to name a few. The range of plastic products used in today's industries is endless, spanning containers, bags and even closures. Currently, screen printing is most commonly used to print messages on plastic bags
  3. Tri-S Bottle Printing | Portland, Oregon. Bottle Decorators Direct screen printing on glass, plastic and metal bottles and jars. Express Your Brand's Personality Creative options for your product. Growlers at Incredible Prices! Bottle Coating Capabilites We offer a beautiful range of colored finishes
  4. Screen printing is the process of transferring a stencilled design onto a flat surface using a mesh screen, ink and a squeegee. Fabric and paper are the most commonly screen-printed surfaces, but with specialised inks it's also possible to print onto wood, metal, plastic, and even glass. The basic method involves creating a stencil on a fine.

AWT offers the industry's most comprehensive range of screen printing supplies. From fabrics and frame adhesives, block-out and sealants, scoop coaters, brushes, and registration pins, to a variety of process control tools, pallets, squeegee blades and handles, emulsion removers, as well as hundreds of other items Browse for screen printing machinery manufacturers. Source screen printing machinery for drums, paint pails and curved surfaces. Manufacturers of manual, semi automatic and automatic screen printing machines and screen printing equipment Fabric Screen Printing Inks. Ink Additives. Air Cure Fabric Inks. Plastic & Metal Ink. Ink suitability chart. Plastisol . Fabric Screen Printing Inks Suitable for 100% cotton to 100% Polyester = all cotton/ poly blends. We use and recommend the new Aquatex brand, as this is the best multi purpose fabric screen printing ink available worldwide

Flower Pot Hole Mesh Pads 15 PCS Plastic Mesh Screen - 5 PCS 10x30cm Bonsai Bottom Grid Mat and 10 PCS 4.6cm Diameter Round Rigid Polyethylene Garden's Drainage Mesh Hole Screens. 3.7 out of 5 stars. 22. $8.90 Although screen-printing is a common method for decorating containers, the variables are both numerous and complex. More containers are scrapped for poor adhesion than any other quality issue. Working with an experienced and trusted screen printer is the best way to minimize waste and loss, and get the results you want, on time and within budget

An Introduction to Screen Printing on Plastic Substrate

Inks used in screen printing are more varied and complex than those used in other printing processes because of the wide range of different materials the modern screenprinter is asked to print on Flexible ink spatulas are easier to use and last longer than standard plastic goop scoops or ink knives. Ink Spatulas are a key tool for overall profitability by keeping your ink distribution clean, easy, and fast. Steel is a preferred ink applicator by many screen printers because of the flexibility of the blade. A f SKI. Voltage. 240 V. Bottle Material. Plastic. Bottle Capacity. 50 ml - 1 Liter. Being a reliable name in this domain, we are engaged in offering wide range of Automatic Bottle Screen Printing Machine to our clients. Our offered product is precisely manufactured by using an optimum quality raw material and cutting edge technology Screen printing is a most popular decorating option at a low-cost. Multi-colors available for screen printing bottles, but one or two colors printing is most idealized. Each color needs a specific photo-sensitive screen made first, where the ink could be pressed through them with a squeegee on to the surface directly on the plastic bottles or jars

Plastic ink scraper (top grade & solvent resistance) is an auxiliary material for Screen Printing, mainly applied to ink recovery and collecting, the ink scraper head & edge are very smooth, so it have no damage to mesh and can save ink Victory Frames Aluminum Screen. $49.95. Item #: 43434. The Victory Frames Aluminum Screen is perfect for screen printing on paper, wood, metal, and other smooth substrates. The screen is flat with consistent mesh tension. It's made from high-quality materials, including 230 yellow mesh and square aluminum tube Screen Printed Plastic Name Tags - Blanks. Start your order here by ordering blank screen printed name tags with your custom logo printed on them. *A minimum order of 100 tags is required for screen printing

Printing On Plastic Custom Plastic Screen Printin

Wishlist. Pro-Master 6 Color 6 Station Screen Printing Press [XY AXIS MICRO] [PMP- 6.6X] ₹ 115,000.00 ₹ 95,000.00. -14%. Add to cart. Wishlist. Pro-Max 4 Color 4 Station Screen Printing Press [X&Y AXIS MICRO] [PMXP- 4.4X] ₹ 110,000.00 ₹ 95,000.00. -16% plastic bottle silk screen printing machine for Various of bottles. US $1500-$2100. 6 YR. Add to Favorites. Plastic pet bottle number printing machine industrial cij inkjet printer date and batch coding machine with touch screen. US $1900 Started in 1997, Texsource Inc. has worked to become one of the leading suppliers in North America. Texsource offers the best selection of Screen Printing Equipment, Screen Printing Inks, and Screen Printing Supplies in the industry at the lowest possible price. Trust Texsource for all of your equipment, ink, and supply needs and let us help. disposable plastic cups automatic screen printing machine. Posted on July 19, 2021 by LC Printing Machine Factory Limited

Screen Printing on Plastic, Plastic Printing Manufacturer

How to screen print on plastic products? Which mesh count

How To Print on Plastic - Hambly Screen Print

Mystic Assembly's decorating and printing services include pad printing, screen printing, pressure sensitive labeling, hot stamping, heat transfers and assembly. Additional services offered are screen and plate making, custom tooling design, packaging, image setting, artwork manipulation and warehousing Industrial solutions for Printing on Bottles - PET Plastic Bottle Printing. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) has long been used as a liquid container in the carbonated soft drink, bottled water, energy and fruit drinks markets due to its inherent properties of strength, flexibility and transparency Screen Printing vs Heat Transfer. Let's get right down to it. When a design is produced using the screen printing method, actual screens are used in the process! Essentially, this screen is cut to make a stencil for the design. Ink is then spread over the screen, passing through to the object underneath only in the areas you want it to be How to remove silk screen printing: Toluene Dilutent is your solution in removing such prints, be it on a plastic, glass, metal surface, nylon or fabrics - any smooth surface will do. Toluene is basically a common solvent used to remove inky stains such as paints, various chemical reactants, rubber, glue, lacquers, leather tanner and disinfectants

Plastic Ink Spatulas. Home Screen printing. Product Code: PLAT-SPAT1. Availability: Immediate (shipped in 3-5 working days) 4,99€. Ex Tax: 4,09€. Calculate the shipping cost and time for your destination: * Country Screen Printing on Metal and Plastic by Grafix, Inc. 14409 60th Street North Clearwater, FL 33760 Email: grafixlabelco@gmail.com Toll Free: 888-966-6695 Phone: 727-538-214 As digital print evolves, the cost savings of going directly from a digital file to print, the ever increasing quality in resolution and increasing speed, is making digital print a necessary complimentary method to standard screen or offset printing and even the preferred method for companies in a wide variety of markets Reusable Plastic Frames are used for screen printing small runs. Attach EZScreen stencils to plastic frame with blue painters tape. Multi pack includes all three sizes. Full - for 8.5 x 11 stencils. Half - for 5.5 x 8.5 stencils. Quarter - for 4.25 x 5.5 stencils. Default Title. Default Title - $8.99 USD

Printing on Plastics: What you need to know - Jet Markin

Screen Printing On Plastic With Air-Dry Ink

Bottle screen printing is durable against scuffing, weather, UV light and water. It also has chemical resistant properties. You can use opaque colors. Many brands like this, especially when printing white silkscreen on clear containers. It stands out more than standard white inks used on labels because flexo inks are less opaque due to their. Screen printing would be the ideal one for large batches as it uses fewer materials and the process can be automated with the right stencil. Just pick the perfect ink color and that's it. But if it is a sophisticated design in small batches, having to make several stencils and use different inks may feel inefficient Flatbed Screen Printing Presses Deco Tech provides flat bed screen printing machines or flat bed presses in small, medium, large and jumbo format configurations for screen printing onto flat plastic sheets, flat glass panels, electronic graphic panels, membrane switches, Plasma TV display panels (PDP), LCD panels, PC boards and much more.. Automated Screen Printing Machinery We also provided. Full Automatic Screen Printing Machine For Plastic PET / PP / PE Bottles . shengxin automation printers product list.pdf . Product Description: This customized -made machines is specially printed container , cosmetic ,plastic bottles oval/round products, fire-treatment device , printing by automatically fixed correct logo postion, and uv dryin

Screen printing of flexible piezoelectric based device on

Industrial Printing Company specialises in the screenprinting of plastic bottles and jars of various shapes and sizes. Based in Perth, Western Australia, we have the capability to process up to four colour prints on polyethylene bottles. We provide this service for a number of companies within the cleaning, industrial, lubricant, personal care. Screen Printing Inks. Transfer your designs onto cotton, linen, synthetic fabric, and more with screen printing ink from Blick. Shop screen printing textile ink and screen printing paper ink. Find a wide variety of ink for every skill level and budget. Plastisol ink is probably the most popular type of screen printing ink

Debris Roll Screen® - Bulk Handling Systems

Plastipak Screen Printing Technology for Bottle

Sourcing Guide for Screen Printing: A complete one stop sourcing platform for packaging & printing suppliers, manufacturers and factories, we are big enough to be able to offer an expanded product line of labels and packaging design capabilities yet small enough to be able to provide the personal service that is still so very important in business today We are offering our clients premium quality Plastic Printing Ink. This ink is used for printing and crafting plastic products in different industries. It is recognized for its pure composition, free from foreign contamination and high effectiveness. Moreover, the offered ink is processed with the help of supreme qualit How to Screen Print on Clear Plastic Boxes. The screen printing process is the same whether you are printing on t-shirts or clear boxes. After you have the hang of the screen printing process, you can easily print other items. For items that are flat like these macaron boxes, I use a Speedball screen printing frame. This frame allows you to. Plastic Bottles Silk Screen Printing Machine; Have a Question? Ask our expert. Speak your question. Please enter your question. HB International Bottle Price Printing Machine Batch Coding Machine, Capacity: 3 Liner, Automation Grade: Automatic ₹ 2.5 Lakh Get Latest Price

Screen Printing On Plastic Bags: How To Do Correctly

servo-driven screen printing machine. SGL-102. Printing speed: 40 p/min - 45 p/min. etc. It can print shape of round, flat,square and oval etc. Parameters: Model:SGL-102 Machine Name :Rotary UV Glass\Plastic Bottle Screen Printing Machine Printing Compare this product Remove from comparison tool The best handles for our Screen Printing Squeegee are generally made of aluminium, wood or plastic. Wood, unfortunately, is not the best choice because they are more difficult to clean and do not always stay straight, as they are usually pinched or even glued in 9. Anatol VOLT XL Screen Printing Machine. The Screen printing machine is available with 20 print stations/18 colors having a screen size of 23 x 31 inches. It is installed with a 17 touchscreen control panel and individual membrane control panels to give you complete control of each print station At WB Bottle Supply, we can custom silk screen the majority of the glass or plastic containers we sell in sizes up to one gallon. With a rich history in the bottle and packaging industry, our team is capable of providing professional advice on all of our products and services from bottle types and materials, to graphic design

How can I print on HDPE Plastic Sheets? - Grafix Plastic

750ml HDPE Bottle with Graduated Measure and Black Trigger